Aside from the occasional horror stories, receiving contracts and backing from major record labels is ideal and a dream come true for many up-and-coming musicians. Though success is contingent on the product and person whether they sign indie or with a major label, there are things to consider particularly when choosing to sign with a major label. A few pros (which are no-brainers in many cases) with a major label would be that such a label could offer better financial backing into one’s career and brand (as far as promotions, studio time and recording, video shoots, etc.), they also offer more connections to network within the entertainment industry and with various public figures and media outlets.
In recent years, we’ve all become familiar with Cardi B. The Bronx-born rapper, has gone from stripper to social media sensation, to reality tv starlet on VH1’s Love & Hip-Hop: New York. Her stardom continues to expand, as her sense of humor has crept into many Americans heart’s, Cardi B’s mixtapes have been well received and she recently signed a multi-million dollar deal with Atlantic Records. Although rising to fame most notably from her stint on reality television, this opportunity with Atlantic has given her leeway to call it quits with L&HH and all of it’s ratchetness, and to fully focus on her music. “She [Cardi] wants to focus on music and be taken serious. It’s hard for her to do that with all the drama she’s involved in on the show.” A major record deal can even afford a reality tv star with a following of 6 million new opportunities, by expanding the fan base and exposure. Since signing with Atlantic, Cardi B has been a guest on Dr. Oz, she has landed a recurring role on BET’s hit drama Being Mary Jane, and she’s had guest appearances on game show, Hip Hop Squares. Cardi has been quite busy, as she’s also touring her latest project, Gangsta B*tch Vol. 2. So no matter, one’s beginnings or popularity, a contract with a major record label can absolutely be effective in creating and catapulting one’s stardom.
In the fascinating world of Pinterest and Buzzfeed videos, we’ve all been somewhat inspired to become Do-It-Yourself task masters, turning curiosity into sheer creativity – be it with food, crafts, decor, or any random thing one could think of. Today, the topic will be baking soda. Baking soda we all know as a random refrigerator staple, neutralizing odors or perhaps to use every so often while brushing your teeth to become an even more pearly white.
A few years ago, my mom had a bout with breast cancer (and survived), which made me look at everything a little differently. Your skin is the the body’s largest organ, so it’s important to be mindful of the products you use on it. There have been many theories and conspiracies over the years linking antiperspirants to breast cancer, and though no definitive study has proven this, it helps to be a bit more conscious.
An aluminum-based compound is the active ingredient in antiperspirants, and it’s the one ingredient that’s most often connected with antiperspirant worries. While perusing the feminine care and hygiene aisles, I noted that the use and amounts of aluminum were pretty high, especially considering the speculations floating around. Which prompted me to discard my paraben and aluminum-filled deodorants and take a more unconventional, holistic approach. I researched and was surprised to find a simple recipe with items I already had at home. Four tablespoons of baking soda, four tablespoons of cornstarch, six tablespoons of coconut oil, and a couple drops of lavender essential oil. Mix, brew it on the stove for a while, add to an empty or old deodorant case, leave in refrigerator to harden, and voila! My little “secret” works the same, smells just as good, and is a healthier alternative than clogging up your pores with added estrogen from chemicals and parabens (in the name of keeping odors and sweat away.)
Ashley Watson Founder of Perfectly Black Book Clubs says, “I felt particularly compelled to give back and do as much as I can to help such a great cause. Build a Little Free Library is trying to improve our youth and give kids a safe place to learn and develop: and that’s were I think true change begins.”
Wondering how you can help support this cause? Donations can be made on GoFundMe.com. Although monetary contributions are greatly appreciated organizers are asking the community to simply spread the word.
Watson says, “We understand that everyone can not provide a financial contribution but more than anything we want to raise awareness and need to improve literacy in our homes and community. There are plenty of ways to help one is to simply tell some one.”
HERE’S HOW YOU CAN TAKE ACTION:
Download the 11×17 #BuildALittleFreePantry poster (PDF and jpeg),
With the rules of the music industry constantly evolving up- and- coming artists have a number of options in recording partnerships that they can engage in. Whether you’re an artist looking for a long term relationship or just a short contract, the music industry has become flexible. This shift is largely credited to decline in record sales and expansion in technology. Choosing between becoming an independent artist or a major label artist is something that should be thought about in the premature stages of career development. This determines what business moves should be made by the artist and his or her management team.
So essentially what is the difference between the two? Who benefits from each? Through out this article I’ll be sharing the difference between each deal, the pros and cons of each deal and sharing successful and iconic deals made in the hip hop industry.
Many years ago major labels offered artist standard contract agreement, which entitling the label to a percentage of artist royalties and publishing of records created under that particular project. This was a big deal for an artist to sign with a major cooperation that offered security of financial support in a project and artist development. Funds from the label are used to manufacture, market, promote, and distribute the product. The artists now have benefits of gaining exposure with major media outlets, endorsements, and other networking opportunities quicker.
An example of this is 90s record company Uptown Records, a subsidiary label of Universal .Uptown Records landed a $50 million multimedia contract with MCA. Label’s artists were given heavy music placements in television and film. Artist such as Heavy D, Monifah, and K-Ci and JoJo were played on Fox television network. This formula for artist success is still achievable by artists through this agreement today. Hustle Gang president Doug Peterson says, “Signing to a major is one guaranteed way to have a national and even international brand. Record labels sign so many partnerships with other large companies and in different industries everyday which is creating opportunities for its artist to reach audiences outside of their genre of music.”
However, with such large investments artists are often challenged to give up creative control to meet metrics in album sales. As Dean Rudd stated inWhat to Look For In An Independent Record Label, “Majors have a lot of money to work with and a distribution system that is second to none, but the nature of their business requires them often to follow trends, and market whatever will sell the most units at the time.” This is a major trade-off that every artist will have to consider in their careers.
Unlike major labels, independent labels are self-funded and have no corporate financial backing. Although independent labels may participate in contracts with major labels, they still own all the rights to their music and a larger percentage in royalties.
One of the more common pros about independent labels is the artist’s ability to maintain a creative control. Independent labels have also created a reputation of being very loyal to their artists. Because of this artist have rejected major label contracts to pursue an independent deal.
“When you first become an artist you may be so hungry that you want to sign any deal that is paying well,” said southern rapper Clay James, ” but once you become more engulfed in your craft you’ll realize that its more important to keep your voice as an artist than gaining the financial support of a label who wants to control you.”
Although indie labels lack the funding major labels offer, they still manage to push artists’ project to reach large demographics.
Because there is a smaller business structure and hierarchy, the artist is often working closely with the person who powers the distribution of their content allowing decisions to be made quicker. As stated in Kevin McManus’ IIE Solutions Performance Improvement issue,” Resources are better utilized in smaller companies because people have had to learn to be successful without the most up-to-date computers, the best analysis software…that larger companies can afford.”
Whether choosing to go independent or major there is a variation of agreements that the artist/producer can engage in. Every artist is looking for something different for their career. It is important to take strong consideration of the artist and brand needs before signing any contract offered by labels. Listed are a few common contracts offered to artist in the music industry.
Traditional Artist Contract: In traditional artist contracts record labels only receive money through music sales and distribution. Artists sign these contract usually for a number of projects rather than a period of time. During the rise of hip-hop this was the normal contract an artist received. Of course at the time labels were recuperating their investments and records off of album sales alone. These sort of contracts offered artists the opportunity to gain profit from other income streams such as tours and merchandise. Today’s music market rarely offers this agreement on a major level unless the artist is considered an A-lister. The rise of technologies and birth of music streaming changed how these contracts worked.
In a interview with Artist House Music, music entertainment lawyer Jay Cooper says, “Now that they [record labels] are seeing the record sales go down, so their way of making up for it instead of thinking through the business model and finding the way to protect their product they take away from their artist.” Finding a alternative way to secure investments labels formed a new way business was ran and created 360 deal contracts.
The 360 Contract: The American Bar Association defines a 360 deal as, “A contracts that allow the record label to receive a percentage of the earnings from all of an artist’s activities rather than just earnings from record sales.” Often times signing with a 360 deal comes with a larger advance and provides the artist with assurance of having a label that will provide support in development to non-music ventures. Some of hip-hop’s top artists engage in these deals such as J. Cole, Yung Thug, Migos and Fetty Wap.
With 360 deals becoming more common in the music industry today they have created major controversies amongst the relationships artists have with record labels. In reflection of this labels have been known to not push artists who decline the 360- deal option. During the 2016 A3C Music Festival artist and producer Lupe Fiasco explains the burdens 360 deals has caused him and then label Atlantic Records.
Carnes, C.(2016). Lupe Fiasco discuss split with Atlantic Records over contract disupute during A3C 2016..
According to UCLA Entertainment Law Review, “Some experts envision a music industry, in the very near future, where the music produced is nothing more than a promotional total to draw fans to the artist’s brand instead of to his or her music.”
Distribution Contract: Distribution deals are agreements between artist and label; where the artist is responsible for the production of the product and the record company distributes the product.
There have been many independent labels to successfully sign distribution deals with major companies and/or their subsidiary companies. For example, Grammy nominated artist Wiz Khalifa recently signed a distribution deal with Atlantic/Warner for his independent label Taylor Gang . Artists on the Taylor Gang roster include Curren$y, Ty Dolla $ign and Juicy J.
Streaming companies have become key players in the music industry which have expanded options for artists from not only physical distribution but also digital distribution. Music marketing guru Inday of Interscope says. “Signing a distribution deal with a large streaming company seems to be the only way artist can connect their target audience without giving away free music on Youtube or Soundcloud.”
Companies such as iTunes, Spotify, Amazon and Tidal are now commonly offering artist for single, album and E.P distribution deals. However, there has been much controversy with streaming deals because artists are not being compensated for their music properly.
Single Song Contract: With album sales and the new digital era, new exclusive single song deals were formed. Radio consumption and singles thru digital platforms such as Soundcloud, iTunes, and Google Play. This has become a popular distribution contract between artist and labels.
Instead of the record label focusing on a larger project such as an album they push one self-produced single. According to Billboard cover story The Return of the Single Deal, labels are saying, “Change was necessitated by tighter radio playlists and the fact that hit singles can now last up to half a year on the chart, drastically reducing the number of singles that can be released from an album.”
Single deals are also used as a marketing technique to test potential artist target demographic. This deal benefits the artist in ways such as having less risk as opposed to a traditional contract, and the pressures of having to recoup a full on album. Atlanta native rapper K- Camp is one of the most recent examples of a artist who career is birthed from a single recording contract. The independent rapper received his first taste of mainstream success when he signed a contract to release popular ” Cut Her Off ” ft 2 Chainz song under Interscope records.
We got a chance to catch up with K Camp and his management team during his annual community giveback entitled #KCampsGiving. K Camp’s manager and CEO of boutique management firm Schweinbeck LLCDiana Schweinbeck says, ” focusing on creating single to gain mass exposure and notary has always been apart of our teams marketing plan. Gaining the demand of the fans from one single distribution helps us gain leverage when negotiating a record deal for Camp.” Schweinbeck is also responsible for several other popular independent artists such as Sy Ari Da Kidd and Mario Jackson. Schweinbeck says, “when you have minimal funds yo have to be creative and figure out ways to generate buzz at a minimal cost. If you take care of the demand the labels will pay to produce the product.”
Production Contract: Unlike the role of producer in other industries the duties of a producer in the music industry is defined as the the person responsible for creating the projects unique and overall sound. In todays music industry many producers go into agreements with artist and even longer agreements with labels to produce singles, Ep’s and albums. Artist often sign these agreements with producers with the hopes of the producer serving as a middle man to a potential contract with the label . Labels engage in these contracts with producers and utilize the producer to help give the artist a defined marketable and trendy sound.
One of the more recent artist birthed from a production deal is Kanye West. Prior to becoming the musical genius and fashion icon that he is now. Mr. West spent years laying down beats and producing records for what are some of hip hop and R&B acts such as Ma$e, Jermaine Dupri, Nas and Foxy Brown. It wasn’t until he Jay- Z‘s Blueprint album that he signed a major label production deal. Kanye later signed as a artist to Jay-Z’s Roc-a-Fella records.
Because of this producer/label relationship, artist often sign exclusive production agreements with producers in hopes to get their music to radio or major label. A good example of a producer breaking artist is music icon Swizz Beatz. Beatz got his start in the music industry by producing records for independent label Ruff Ryder records. Due to this contract Swizz became responsible for breaking some of hip-hop legends such as Eve, The Lox and Dmx.
This revolving producer/artist and label relationship is still popular in today’s music industry. Detroit artist and producer G3 recently signed a production deal with music heavyweight Jermaine Dupri on SoSo Def record label. According to G3, “Signing the production deal is a deal every producer strive for. Although you may have direction from the label and artist; this is an opportunity for you to impact the industry with a brand new sound and that’s the beauty of these types of contracts.”
How Each Deal Impacts the Music Industry:
Major labels provide major artists with the ability to cross-market and influence other entertainment markets. As stated in Bethany Klein’s, ‘The New Radio’: Music Licensing as a Response to Industry Woe, “As radio has narrowed and illegal music distribution has increased, the placement of popular music in television commercials has become an appealing option for artists and record companies.”
This cross-marketing allows artists to transition and expand their brand into other entertainment roles such as fashion designers, movie producers/directors, and even the video game markets. This type of brand advancement will help the musical culture expand. Powerful cooperation’s and major record labels have been known for their role in choosing the artists nominated and winners of television music awards such as the Grammy‘s. This creates an unfair playing field among artists. Major label artists have the ability to touch larger demographics and create popular trends however the majority of decisions must be approved by the corporate label.
Although the music industry is largely controlled by major label artists there are some independent artists that are changing the rules of the music industry. Independent artists have known to push the limits and talk about controversial topics in their music more often than major artist. Chance the Rapper is a current example of this. As an independent artist he has spoken about social injustices as well as utilized his platform to create a Democratic political voter’s registration campaign without having the financial support of a major cooperation. Because he was independent decisions such as this became easy to make.
Both journeys have their different advantages and disadvantages, it is up to the needs of the artist that help best decide what journey to be taken. As a fellow creative peer I understand how tough this decision can be and how they make effect future careers moves. I suggest when crossing this road and your journey to consider these few things: the long term effects each agreement holds, who financially benefits from the contract and how much creative control can you keep.
There aren’t many things more refreshing than a cold glass of Coke on a hot day. But the popular soda, which dates all the way back to 1886, has so many more uses than that. You’ve probably seen the popular email that lists the crazy things that you can do with Coke, like using it as a really great cleaner. From removing stains from fabrics to cleaning toilet bowls , a little bit of Coca-Cola can go a long way. Coke’s a lot cheaper than a lot of cleaners and other home remedies, so these tips could be money-savers too. Check out the list below of 5 cleaning uses of Coca- Cola.
5 Unique Cleaning Uses for Coca-Cola
1. Clean Car Battery Terminals. There’s acid in almost all carbonated drinks. And that helps strip corrosion from car battery terminals. Pour some soda over the battery terminals and watch the car residue wipe away.
2. Clean Grease From Glass. Even Eyeglasses. That same handy phosphoric acid removes grease and grime from glass. Even dried hairspray from mirrors. After wiping your mirror with coke your mirror will be spotless for the infamous bathroom selfies.
3. Strip Paint From Metal Patio Furniture. Want to refinish some outdoor furniture? Do it the right way and strip off the old paint first. To make it easier, apply coke to the furniture and the paint should strip off easily.
4. Clean Your Dirty Toilet Bowl. Got bad stains, a date coming over in an hour and no toilet cleaner? Pour a can of soda into the bowl and the acid will eliminate all stains old and new.
5. Loosen Clogged Drains. If your sink is draining slowly and you don’t have any drain cleaner in the house you can you a bottle of Coca-cola down the drain and let the acids will fight the clogs for you.